Update: A new blog post has been published as a follow up to this article : ESI Part 2: Abusing specific implementations.
While conducting a security assessment, we noticed an unexpected behavior in the markup language Edge Side Includes (ESI), a language used in many popular HTTP surrogates (reverse proxies, load balancers, caching servers, proxy servers). We identified that successful ESI attacks can lead to Server Side Request Forgery (SSRF), various Cross-Site Scripting (XSS) vectors that bypass the HTTPOnly cookie mitigation flag, and server-side denial of service. We call this technique ESI Injection.
A few months ago, the International Data Corporation (IDC) conducted a Technology Spotlight and a Customer Spotlight on our company. The two reports: Advanced Managed Security in a New Era: Simple Steps to Rapid Response Advanced Managed Security and Yellow Pages: Better Security, Great User Experience reaffirm our position as a high-quality provider of managed security services, one that follows a flexible and customer-centric approach. We provide a summary of the two reports below.
This post describes a backdoor that spawns a fully encrypted and integrity checked reverse shell that was found in our SSH honeypot, and that was presented at GoSec 2017 in Montreal. We named the backdoor ‘Chaos’, following the name the attacker gave it on the system. After more research, we found out this backdoor was originally part of the 'sebd' rootkit that was active around 2013.
Last Saturday, January 27th, the New York Times published a detailed article on the sales of automated likes and follows by an American company called Demuvi. The same day, a New York attorney general announced that he opened an investigation on the company, which sold millions of fake followers on social networks. Some of these fake followers stole real users' data such as pictures and profile descriptions. The news article relates to the research we’ve conducted on the botnet Linux/Moose and the ego market it is thriving in. This blog post contextualizes the New York Times' article with our own experience.
As virtualization technology continues to become the corporate standard, the popularity of Virtual Desktop Infrastructure (VDI) in large enterprises has been increasing. These automated environments can provision desktops and applications from the internal and external network on top of virtualization technology without an IT administrator’s input. There are many components involved in a VDI infrastructure, but one specifically caught our attention on a customer mandate back in September 2017: the Windows "vmwagent.exe".
New results related to our research about Linux/Moose, an IoT botnet that conducts social media fraud (SMF), were published in the scientific journal, Social Media & Society, last week. The article is open-source and available at: http://dl.acm.org/citation.cfm?id=3097301. However, if you don’t want to bother reading it, we have provided below a quick summary of the main findings. In general, the study assesses the market for social media fraud.